Community Mobilization and Peacebuilding Services

This page contains the Constitution of Kakuma refugee camp and Kalobeyei Integrated Settlement (texts available under below tab).

Kakuma Constitution, adopted in November 2011, lays the foundation of refugee leadership structures in Kakuma Camp. The Constitution is currently undergoing revision with the involvement of the refugee community and Task Force members (RAS, UNHCR, DRC, RCK, FAK and GIZ). If you are a resident of Kakuma camp and wish to suggest any changes to the current community leadership structures and functions, please tell your community leaders at the zonal level.

Kalobeyei Constitution was adopted in March 2019 and lays the foundation refugee leadership structures in Kalobeyei Settlement.

Other information including peacebuilding services will be uploaded soon.


Kakuma Constitution

KAKUMA REFUGEE CAMP COMMUNITY

CONSTITUTION AND RULES

November 2011

 

Contents

PREAMBLE.. 4

ARTICLE 1: NAME: 5

ARTICLE 2: OBJECTIVES AND AIMS: 5

ARTICLE 3: MEMBERSHIP: 5

ARTICLE 4: MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES: 5

ARTICLE 4: 1 BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES. 6

ARTICLE 4.1.1 COMPOSITION.. 6

ARTICLE 4.1.2: FUNCTIONS OF BLOCK LEADERS. 6

ARTICLE 4.1.3 BLOCK SECTORAL COMMITTEE.. 6

ARTICLE 4.1.3.1:  SHELTER AND INFRASTRUCTURE.. 7

ARTICLE 4.1.3.2: HEALTH, NUTRITION, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE COMMITTEE.. 7

ARTICLE 4.1.3.3:  FOOD AND FIREWOOD COMMITTEE.. 7

ARTICLE 4.1.3.4: WATER AND ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE.. 8

ARTICLE 4.1.3.5: PEACE AND SECURITY COMMITTEE.. 8

ARTICLE 4.1.3.6: EDUCATION AND YOUTH COMMITTEE.. 8

ARTICLE 4.1.3.7:  GENDER SUPPORT AND CHILDREN COMMITTEE.. 8

ARTICLE 4.1.3.8: PERSONS LIVING WITH DISABILITIES COMMITTEE.. 9

ARTICLE 4.2: ZONE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES. 9

ARTICLE 4.2.1: ZONE CHAIRPERSON.. 9

ARTICLE 4.2.2: ZONE VICE CHAIRPERSON.. 10

ARTICLE 4.2.3: ZONE SECRETARY.. 10

ARTICLE 4.2.4: ZONE INTERPRETERS COMMITTEE.. 10

ARTICLE 4.2.5: ZONE SECTORAL COMMITTEES. 10

ARTICLE 4.3.1: CAMP CHAIRPERSON.. 11

ARTICLE 4.3.2: CAMP VICE CHAIRPERSON.. 11

ARTICLE 4.3.3: CAMP SECRETARY.. 11

ARTICLE : 5:  QUALIFICATION OF LEADERS. 12

ARTICLE 6:  TERMINATION OF OFFICE.. 12

ARTICLE 7:  ELECTIONS. 12

ARTICLE 7.1:     ELECTORAL COMMITTEES. 13

ARTICLE 7.1.1:  ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.. 13

ARTICLE 7.1.2 BASIC REQIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF ANY ELECTORAL COMMITTEE.. 13

ARTICLE 7.1.3:  FUNCTIONS OF THE ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.. 13

ARTICLE 7.1.4:  ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF ZONE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.. 14

ARTICLE 7.1.5: ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF CAMP MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE.. 14

ARTICLE 8: ELECTIONS OF BLOCK LEADERS. 14

ARTICLE 9: BY-ELECTIONS. 15

ARTICLE 10: TERM OF OFFICE.. 15

ARTICLE 12: MEETINGS. 15

ARTICLE 13 RULES &REGULATION.. 15

ARTICLE 14 : COUNCIL OF ELDERS. 15

ARTICLE 15: SECURITY.. 16

ARTICLE 16: CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS. 16

SCHEDULES. 16

 

PREAMBLE

We, the refugees in Kakuma Refugee Camp: –

ACKNOWLEDGING the laws of Kenya;

RESPECTFUL of the rights and obligations of refugees and asylum seekers;

RECOGNIZING our ethnic, cultural, religious, political, gender and racial diversity;

PROMISING to respect obey and uphold the same;

PROUD of our ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, and determined to live in peace and unity as one indivisible Kakuma Refugee Camp Community;

COMMITTED to promotion of peaceful co-existence, human rights and rule of law; and

ADOPT, ENACT and give this constitution to ourselves and future generations of Kakuma refugee camp.

 

ARTICLE 1: NAME:

The name of the refugee camp (hereinafter called ‘the camp’) shall be Kakuma Refugee Camp.

 

ARTICLE 2: OBJECTIVES AND AIMS:

Within the framework of the foregoing, the camp shall have the following principle objectives and aims:

  1. to strengthen and promote self-management of refugee community;
  2. to ensure efficient service delivery to the refugee community in Kakuma;
  3. to reduce the influence of clan-, ethnicity and nationality based interests;
  4. to increase effective service delivery in the camp;
  5. to integrate the persons with disability, women and children into the camp;
  6. to create and promote peace, stability and harmony amongst the members of the camp;
  7. to create and promote awareness on human rights at the camp;
  8. to create awareness on Kenyan and Customary International laws;
  9. to work with the government of Kenya, UNHCR and other refugee agencies around the camp for the better of the members; and
  10. to generally, ensure the welfare, wellbeing and rights of refugees at the camp are upheld.

ARTICLE 3: MEMBERSHIP:

The members of this camp shall be:-

Any person registered with the government of Kenya and UNHCR resident in the camp.

 

ARTICLE 4: MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES:

The camp shall comprise of the following committees:-

  1. Block Management Committee
  2. Zone Management Committee
  3. Camp Management Committee

Provided that the composition of the management committees shall comply with the following principles;

  1. Equitable distribution of positions amongst all nationalities in the camp
  2. Equal representation of elected officials.
  3. Fair representation of persons with disabilities
  4. Both gender shall be represented in the positions of Chairperson and Vice-chair person at zone and camp level, and of the leaders at the block level.

 

ARTICLE 4: 1 BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES

There shall be Block Management Committees in each registered Block each having eight (8) Sectoral Committees.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.1 COMPOSITION

The block management committees shall be composed of ten (10) members considering the principles vide Article 4.

The membership shall be composed of;

  1. two block leaders of both genders elected by the registered residents of the respective Blocks;
  2. one representative from each of the 8 sectoral committees in the block.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.2: FUNCTIONS OF BLOCK LEADERS

The functions of the block leaders notwithstanding clan, tribe, nationality, gender, religion, culture shall be:-

  1. to organize General Meetings for block residents;
  2. to resolve conflicts, within the Block, in co-operation with the Peace and Security Committee;
  3. to act as a link between the block and the zone;
  4. to supervise the activities of each sectoral committee;
  5. to ensure equitable provision of services to block residents together with relevant sectoral committees;
  6. to facilitate community assistance for vulnerable people if necessary;
  7. to co-operate with neighbouring block leaders to resolve inter-block conflict;
  8. to provide information regarding services and system to new refugees within the camp;
  9. to support campaigns on refugee protection by Government of Kenya and agencies in the camp;
  10. to promote the harmony within and with neighbouring communities;
  11. to ensure that there is peaceful co-existence between different ethnic groups within the block; and
  12. to work hand in hand with the Zone Management Committee on issues that affect their blocks.

 

 ARTICLE 4.1.3 BLOCK SECTORAL COMMITTEE

Each block committee shall comprise of eight Sectoral Committees:-

  1. Shelter and Infrastructure;
  2. Health, Nutrition, Sanitation and Hygiene;
  3. Food and firewood;
  4. Environment and Water;
  5. Peace and Security;
  6. Education and Youth;
  7. Gender and Children; and
  8. Persons Living with Disabilities.

Membership to the sectoral committees shall be voluntary and may  be in liaison with the relevant agencies and the block management committee.

 

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.1:  SHELTER AND INFRASTRUCTURE

There shall be shelter and infrastructure committee with the following functions:-

  1. to liaise with the relevant agencies to ensure members have proper shelter;
  2. to liaise with the relevant agencies to provide members with building materials;
  3. to generally, ensure access to shelter within the camp;
  4. to work with the relevant agencies in planning for the allocation of building materials;
  5. to identify  individuals with specific needs who should be given priority in allocation of building materials;
  6. to monitor camp layout and settlement activities; and
  7. to liaise with relevant agencies to ensure that roads and public places are not encroached

 

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.2: HEALTH, NUTRITION, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE COMMITTEE

There shall be a health, Nutrition sanitation and hygiene committee whose functions shall include, inter alia:-

  1. to promote cleanliness and proper hygiene in the camps; and
  2. to create awareness on health and importance of hygiene in the camp.
  3. to liaise with the block health committees established by the agency providing healthcare in the camp.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.3:  FOOD AND FIREWOOD COMMITTEE

There shall be a food and firewood committee whose functions shall include:-

  1. to liaise with the relevant agencies on the distribution of food and firewood within the camp;
  2. to ensure there is fair and equitable distribution of food and firewood within the camp; and
  3. to liaise with the Food Advisory Committee on food and firewood distribution within the camp.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.4: ENVIRONMENT AND WATER COMMITTEE

There shall be a water and environment committee with the following functions:-

  1. to liaise with the relevant agencies to ensure there is clean and adequate water in the camp; and
  2. to create awareness to members on how to keep the environment conservation and cleanliness

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.5: PEACE AND SECURITY COMMITTEE

There shall be a peace and security committee with the following functions:-

  1. to liaise with relevant agencies during conflict and dispute resolution;
  2. to promote  peace awareness  in the community;
  3. to help in conflict resolution and management;
  4. to promote cohesion and healing within the camp;
  5. to liaise with relevant agencies on matters of conflict and peace beyond their scope;
  6.    to promote harmony and peaceful co-existence between different communities in the

camp and host community;

  1. to monitor and report cases of tension in the camp;
  2. to organize corrective measures and trainings for the for members;
  3. to liaise with peace groups and facilitators to facilitate activities geared towards

promoting peace and cohesion; and

  1. to work together with leaders at the block, zone and camp level during conflict

resolution.

  1. to create awareness and understanding of the laws of Kenya.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.6: EDUCATION AND YOUTH COMMITTEE

There shall be an education and youth committee with the following functions:-

  1. to maintain peace and order among youth at the block level;
  2. to promote the youth activities such as sports and cultural activities;
  3. to raise awareness regarding the issue of HIV/AIDS, SGBV and Drug Abuse
  4. to encourage all children of school age to attend and remain in school; and
  5. to represent the youth at the Block Management Committee
  6. to liaise on educational issues with the school management committees established in the schools situated within the block.

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.7:  GENDER SUPPORT AND CHILDREN COMMITTEE

There shall be a women’s support, gender and children committee with the following functions:-

  1. to facilitate the reporting cases related to SGBV on both gender and children to relevant

agency;

  1. to promote and encourage women’s social participation such as income generating

activities and education;

  1. to promote peace and order among women at block level;
  2. to report cases of child abuse to relevant agencies; and
  3. to represent women and children at the Block Management

 

ARTICLE 4.1.3.8: PERSONS LIVING WITH DISABILITIES COMMITTEE

There shall be a persons living with disabilities committee with the following functions:-

  1. to represent persons living with disabilities (PLWDs) in line with the WHO Community

Based Rehabilitation (CBR) guidelines.

  1. to raise awareness on issues affecting persons living with disabilities in the camp

 

  ARTICLE 4.2: ZONE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES

Each Zone shall have a zone management committee which shall be composed of two (2) block leaders of both genders from each block within a particular zone.

The members shall elect a chairperson, vice-chairperson of both gender and a secretary. Any block leader elected as chairperson and vice-chairperson shall cease being a block leader and a by-election shall be held at the Block level.

 

ARTICLE 4.2.1: ZONE CHAIRPERSON

There shall be a zone chairperson who shall be the chair of the zone Management Committee. The functions of the chairperson shall be to:-

  1. present issues of the Zone to the Camp Management Committee;
  2. act as a liaison between the respective Sectoral Committees at the Zone Level and the

Camp Management Committee;

  1. act as a liaison between the block leaders and the Camp Management Committee;
  2. resolve Zone-level disputes;
  3. promote inter-national and inter-cultural communication and cooperation within the zone;
  4. organize community-based activities to improve the lives of community members;
  5. liaise with relevant agencies regarding issues affecting residents within the zone; and
  6. liaise with the block leaders on personal issues affecting the refugees.

 

ARTICLE 4.2.2: ZONE VICE CHAIRPERSON

There shall be a zone vice-chair person, who shall:-

  1. represent the Chairperson during Camp Management Meeting in their absence; and
  2. undertake any duties assigned by the Chairperson and/or the zone management committee

 

ARTICLE 4.2.3: ZONE SECRETARY

There shall be a zone secretary whose functions will include:-

  1. To take minutes of Zone Management Meetings;
  2. To keep records and documents which relate to Zone Management Committee;
  3. To be the custodian of office equipments of the zone; and
  4. To assist the zone committee to disseminate information.

 

ARTICLE 4.2.4: ZONE INTERPRETERS COMMITTEE

There shall be zone interpreters to support community members who do not have a common language.

 

ARTICLE 4.2.5: ZONE SECTORAL COMMITTEES

There shall be zone sectoral committees.

Their functions shall be:-

  1. to coordinate the activities of the respective Block-Level Sectoral Committees;
  2. to update members of the Zone Management Committee on the situation in each respective sector within the zone; and
  3. to co-operate with agencies and facilitate service provision.

 

ARTICLE 4.3: CAMP MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

  1. There shall be an overall camp management committee which shall be composed of the chairpersons and vice chairpersons of each Zone Management Committee and a representative of persons living with disabilities.
  2. Where upon the composition of the committee, any Nationality which has above 100 people in the camp remain unrepresented; the zone and/or block management committees of such nationality is entitled to nominate a member to sit in the camp management committee.
  3. The committee shall be responsible for coordinating activities in the camp and liaising with the Government of Kenya and various agencies involved in the operations at the Kakuma refugee camp.
  4. Onset the committee shall elect The Camp Chair person, Camp vice Chair Person and the Camp Secretary.
  5. The remaining members shall conduct elections to assign all the other remaining member portfolios in line with the sectors and in accordance to the priority identified in article 4.1.3The functions of the camp management committee shall be;
  6. to work closely with agencies for effective service delivery.
  7. to facilitate coordination with relevant agencies and government by holding regular meetings ;
  8. to co-ordinate and manage of service delivery to the camp;
  1. to attend coordination meetings conducted by GOK and all agencies;
  1. to maintain regular contact with zone leaders and other stakeholders;
  2. to promote capacity building of other leaders; and
  3. to mentor zone and block leaders in the performance of their duties.

 

ARTICLE 4.3.1: CAMP CHAIRPERSON

  1. There shall be a camp chairperson whose functions shall include:-
  2. to organize Camp Management Committee meetings;
  3. to organize and chair monthly meeting with camp management committee leaders to discuss achievements and challenges faced;
  4. The camp chair person shall hold office for a period of two (2) years and shall be eligible for re-election for another two (2) year term after which he shall be ineligible to vie.

 

ARTICLE 4.3.2: CAMP VICE CHAIRPERSON

  1. There shall be a camp vice chairperson who shall be of the opposite gender to the camp chair person. The functions of the vice chair shall be to deputise the chair in the performance of his duties as well as to act for the chair in case of absence.

 

ARTICLE 4.3.3: CAMP SECRETARY

There shall be a camp secretary whose functions will include:-

  1. To take minutes of camp Management Meetings;
  2. To keep records and documents which relate to Camp Management Committee;
  3. To be the custodian of office equipments of the camp; and
  4. to assist the camp committee to disseminate information.

 

ARTICLE : 5:  QUALIFICATION OF LEADERS

Leaders shall be guided by high moral integrity and a person shall qualify for leadership position if they meet all of the following qualifications:-

  1. must be registered as a resident of the concerned area for not less than one year save for newly created blocks and zones
  2. must 21 years of age and above;
  3. must be of sound mind;
  4. must not have any criminal record or have been found guilty of fraud/malpractice by the government of Kenyan or agencies.
  5. must have a good command of both spoken and written English and preferably Kiswahili; and
  6. must not hold any other position(s) in the community leadership structure including Council of Elders;

 

ARTICLE 6:  TERMINATION OF OFFICE

An office term may be terminated by:

  1. resignation of any office holder upon giving at least one month notice in writing to the respective committee
  2. Impeachment by a vote of no confidence or a resolution by at least 2/3 of members of the block/zone and camp at the general meeting
  3.  gross misconduct  by an office holder; or
  4.  If the office holder is  a threat to the peace at the camp; or

 

ARTICLE 7:  ELECTIONS

  1. The election process shall be free and fair, voluntary, and witnessed by a task force which shall comprise GOK and agencies.
  2. All elections in this constitution shall be by secret ballot.
  3. There shall be a Code of election rules and regulations prepared for each of the three tiers. The rules and regulations are contained on the schedule of this constitution.

 

ARTICLE 7.1:     ELECTORAL COMMITTEES

ARTICLE 7.1.1:  ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

There is hereby established an Electoral committee which shall be an independent body in charge of organizing elections of block leaders and overseeing the appointment of representatives of sectoral committees. It shall also be in charge of overseeing the appointment of representatives to the sectoral committees. It shall be composed of at least four members of both genders.

Members of electoral committee for Block management committee shall be appointed by block residents who live in the concerned block and such members will not be eligible to run for any posts at the block management committee. They shall also declare beforehand any conflict of interest they may have.

 

ARTICLE 7.1.2 BASIC REQIREMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF ANY ELECTORAL COMMITTEE

To be a member of the electoral committee one must satisfy the following requirements;

  1. Must be deemed to be generally of fair judgement;
  2. have ability to write, read and speak English and or kiswahili;
  3. be a person of high moral integrity;
  4. Must be persons of sound mind;
  5. Must not have any criminal record;
  6. No person shall hold membership of more than one electoral committee, or membership of any electoral committee during his tenure as a elected member of any management committee

 

ARTICLE 7.1.3:  FUNCTIONS OF THE ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF BLOCK MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

The electoral committee of block management committee shall have the following core functions:-

  1. to announce registration of volunteers for each committee;
  2. to announce registration of candidates to different post;
  3. to register and vet candidates according to specified qualification
  4. to register voters;
  5. to oversee campaigns;
  6. to fix election date after consultations with GOK and agencies ;
  7. to fix election venues and inform the GOK and agencies;
  8. to provide ballot boxes and other election materials;
  9. to count the votes;
  10. to announce the results of the election and declare the successful candidate;
  11. to liaise with concerned GOK and agencies in organising elections; and
  12. to settle electoral disputes at the block level;

 

ARTICLE 7.1.4:  ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF ZONE MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

There shall be an electoral committee of each zone management committee, independent, and in charge of organizing elections of Zone chairman, chairlady, vice-chairman, vice-chairlady and secretary.

The committee shall be composed of at least four members from different blocks appointed by members of Zone Management Committee, and meeting the requirements as provided in Article 7.1.2.

 

ARTICLE 7.1.5: ELECTORAL COMMITTEE OF CAMP MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

There shall be an electoral committee of camp management committee in charge of organizing election of Camp chairman, chairlady, vice-chairman, vice-chairlady and secretary, composed of at least four members from different Zones in concerned Camp, appointed by members of Camp Management Committee and meeting the qualifications under Article 7.1.2.

 

ARTICLE 8: ELECTIONS OF BLOCK LEADERS

The block chairman or chairlady shall be elected at the general election guided by the following general guidelines:-

  1. there shall be no voting by proxy;
  2. only persons of 18 and above pursuant to the GOK and UNHCR registration records shall be eligible to vote;
  3. during voting, relevant agencies staff will serve as monitors/presiding officers;
  4. relevant agencies and the electoral committee shall set the election date;
  5. one must be a registered camp resident in that block in order to vote;
  6. tallying and announcement of results shall be done at the polling station;
  7. the person with a simple majority becomes the winner;
  8. in case of withdrawal of successful candidate, the second position candidate will be winner; and
  9. in case of a tie, the parties concerned go for a re-run.

 

ARTICLE 9: BY-ELECTIONS

By election shall be conducted after 30 days when the office falls vacant in the following instances:-

  1. impeachment of a leader;
  2. death of the leader;
  3. resignation by the leader;
  4. election of a block leader to be chair of zone management committee; and
  5. election of a zone leader to the apex of camp management committee;

ARTICLE 10: TERM OF OFFICE

Elected Camp chairman and vice chair man shall serve for an aggregate of 2 years and is eligible for re-election into office for a final term of 2 years.

 

ARTICLE 12: MEETINGS

Every Management Committee shall have a meeting at least once every month.

 

ARTICLE 13 RULES &REGULATION

The following guidelines shall be observed in drafting or otherwise making rules and regulations under this constitution:-

  1. all committees herein shall have standardised rules governing their  members provided that any rule which is inconsistent with any provision of this constitution shall be null and void to the extent of that inconsistency;
  2. the rules must be approved by 2/3 of members of camp management

 

ARTICLE 14 : COUNCIL OF ELDERS

There shall be councils of elders of the various ethnic groups in the camp. The functions of the elders shall include:

  1. to arbitrate on civil issues of specific ethnic community
  2. to act as custodians of the culture of that ethnic community.
  3. to play advisory role in the camp on matters of peace and security.
  4. The creation of this council id the prerogative of the specific community.
  5. Liase with the camp management committee

The number of councils shall be increased to serve special interest groups and a retired leader can be appointed to the council.

 

ARTICLE 15: SECURITY

There shall be a security team composed of volunteer guards, whose main objective is to work with Peace and Security committee in enhancing peace and security in the camp in liaison with relevant agencies and local security guards.

ARTICLE 16: CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

Proposed amendments to this constitution shall only be done at the annual general meeting; the amendment(s) of the constitution shall be approved by two third (2/3) majority of members of Camp Management Committee during a special general meeting; the amendment(s) must be consented to by GOK, and other agencies.

GOK and Agencies may introduce amendments to this constitution in consultation with the camp management committee.

 

  SCHEDULES

FIRST SCHEDULE

List of members from each block

(Insert )

SECOND SCHEDULE

Rules and Regulations of each Block/Zone

(Insert)

THIRD SCHEDULE

Regulations on Elections

(insert)

FOUTH SCHEDULE

Disciplinary Code.

(insert)

 

END OF DOCUMENT


Kalobeyei Constitution

Constitution of the Leadership Representative Structures for Kalobeyei Settlement

March 2019

 

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

RAS – Refugee Affairs Secretariat

UNHCR – United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

WASH – Water Sanitation and Hygiene

CPPT- Camp Protection & Peace Teams

KISEDP – Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-economic Development Plan in Turkana West

To be completed at last stage

 

 

 

 

Contents

Introduction. 5

CHAPTER ONE:  DEFINITIONS. 8

1.1.      Kalobeyei Settlement 8

1.2 Resident 8

1.2.1 Loss of residency. 8

CHAPTER TWO: LAND AND ENVIRONMENT. 9

Part 1 –Land. 9

2.1 Principal of land use. 9

2.2 Demarcation of land. 9

Part 2 – Environment and Natural Resources. 9

2.3 Obligations to respect the environment 9

CHAPTER THREE: LEADERSHIP AND INTEGRITY. 10

3.1 Qualities of leadership. 10

3.2 Conduct of elected leaders. 10

3.3 Service. 10

3.4 Conflict of Interest 10

Chapter Four: ELECTED LEADERSHIP STRUCTURE. 11

4.1 Representation levels. 11

4.2 Roles of the Community Elected Representatives. 11

4.3. Neighborhood representatives shall- 11

4.4. Information sharing. 12

4.5. Meetings. 12

4.6 Complaints Mechanism.. 12

CHAPTER FIVE: ELECTORAL PROCESS. 14

5.1 General principles of electoral system.. 14

5.2 Electoral System and Process. 14

5.3 Eligibility to vote. 14

5.4 Election committee. 15

5.5 Qualifications to stand for an elective position. 15

5.6 Clause on Gender Balance. 15

5.7 Election disputes. 15

CHAPTER SIX: SECTORAL COMMITTEES. 16

6.1 Composition. 16

6.2 Selection. 16

6.3 General functions. 17

6.4 Coordination with Sectorial Humanitarian Partners. 17

CHAPTER SEVEN: ADMINISTRATION OF MANDATE. 18

7.1 Term of office. 18

7.2 Removal from Office. 18

7.3 Procedures for removal from office of elected representatives. 18

CHAPTER EIGHT: CONFLICT MANAGEMENT. 20

8.1 Conflict Management 20

8.2 Security Management 20

CHAPTER NINE: AMENDMENT OF THIS CONSTITUTION.. 21

9.1 Amendment of this Constitution. 21

9.2 Life of this Constitution. 21

Annex 1 – Code of Conduct 22

Annex 2 – Summary of Kalobeyei Leadership Structure. 23

Annex 3 – Terms of Reference of Sectorial Committees. 24

Health, Food and Nutrition Committee: 24

Education Committee. 25

Water Sanitation and Hygiene Committee. 26

Spatial Planning and Infrastructure development committee. 27

Energy and Environment Committee. 28

Agriculture and Livestock Committee. 29

Private sector and entrepreneurship Committee. 30

Protection Committee: 31

 

Introduction

 

The Constitution lays out the leadership and governance structure of Kalobeyei settlement. It is deemed to define and organize representative structures within the Kalobeyei settlement, their interaction and support to the relevant authorities, humanitarian partners, and host communities living outside of the settlement.

The present document will be organized around the following components:

  • Values and principles
  • Representative structures
  • Modalities for communication and information sharing
  • Administration of office
  • Elections and the electoral process

 

Values and principles of governance shall be based on the 4 humanitarian principles guiding implementation of the provisions herein provided:

  • Humanity: That all humankind shall be treated humanely and equally in all circumstances by saving lives and alleviating suffering, while ensuring respect for the individual. This is the fundamental principle of humanitarian response. Presuppose
  • Impartiality: That provision ofassistance must be impartial and that there shall be no discrimination on the basis of nationality, race, gender, religion, political opinion or class. It must be based on need alone. Priority must be given to the most urgent cases of distress.
  • Neutrality: That humanitarian actors/players must not take sides in hostilities or engage in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.
  • Independence: Humanitarian action must be autonomous from the political, economic, military or other objectives that any actor may hold with regard to areas where humanitarian action is being implemented.

The application of this Constitution shall be done in a way that gives significance to age, gender and diversity mainstreaming; as well as promote gender equality and women leadership.

 

The management of Kalobeyei Settlement shall be under the supervision of the Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS) working together with relevant government agencies and humanitarian/Development organizations.

  • The Refugee Affairs Secretariat (RAS) is a department under the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government charged with overseeing all activities relating to reception and registration of refugees; conduction of refugee status determination and management of refugee camps/settlements on behalf of the government. At Kakuma level; RAS is headed by a Camp Manager.
  • The Deputy County Commissioner (DCC) is a national government functionary charged with coordinating the national government functions at the Sub-county level. The DCC works under the supervision of the County Commissioner within the Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National government. The DCC’s specific roles include coordinating security management; coordinating national government functions and delivery of services; facilitating conflict management and peace-building; mobilizing national government agencies for national events, and programs. These functions shall apply with respect to refugees just as they apply to Kenyans in Kakuma Sub-county.
  • Sub-County Children’s Officer (SCCO) is an official of the National Council of Children’s Services under the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection. The SCCO is charged with all responsibilities pertaining to child protection. The mandate of the SCCO in the current context (Kakuma) shall extend to refugee children.
  • Gender and Social Development Officer is a national government official under the Ministry of Public Service, Youth and Gender Affairs. The functions of the Gender Officer entail all matters relating to gender equality, gender mainstreaming and prevention of and response to gender based violence. The Gender Officer’s mandate shall extend to the refugee context in Kakuma/Kalobeyei.
  • National Police Service (NPS) derives its mandate from the National Police Service Act, 2011. The service is made up of two outfits namely; Kenya Police Service, Administration Police Service and the Semi-Autonomous Directorate of Criminal Investigation. The different outfits of the National Police Service are charged with maintaining law and order within the settlement in the Kalobeyei context.
  • Resident Magistrate’s Court (RMC): there is established a Resident Magistrate’s Court in Kakuma Town for the determination of cases- both civil and criminal matters- arising from both refugee and host communities.
  • Sub-County Education Officer is the national government functionary charged with overseeing all matters education within the sub-county in question. The mandate of the Education Officer however does not extend to tertiary institutions.

 

This Constitution is deemed to define and organize representative structures within the Kalobeyei Settlement, their interaction and support to the relevant authorities, humanitarian partners, and host communities community living outside the settlement. However, all national and international laws, regulations and policies shall be understood to supersede the application of this Constitution.

The leadership structure shall as much as practically possible feed into the strategic objectives of the Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-economic Development Plan in Turkana West (KISEDP) particularly in creating a conducive environment for increased self-reliance of the people of Kalobeyei and development of socio-economic infrastructures; attract investment from the private sectors; innovation in aid service delivery; and inclusion into existing national and local socio-economic schemes.

 

CHAPTER ONE:  DEFINITIONS

1.1.  Kalobeyei Settlement

Kalobeyei settlement shall be the territory as defined by the Spatial Plan approved by the Turkana County Government.

1.2 Resident

A resident shall be;

  • Any individual registered by the Government of Kenya (Refugee Affairs Secretariat) as an asylum seeker or refugee whose place of residence is Kalobeyei settlement as indicated in their registration document.
  • Any Kenyan national residing within Kalobeyei settlement.
  • Membership can be used interchangeably in the present document with residence.

1.2.1 Loss of residency

  • A resident of Kalobeyei may lose his/her residency in the event of
    • Resettlement;
    • Repatriation or spontaneous return
    • Authorized relocation outside of Kalobeyei settlement.
    • Loss of refugee or asylum-seeker status
  • RAS shall provide guidelines on loss of residency to cater for other instances not covered by points above.

 

CHAPTER TWO: LAND AND ENVIRONMENT

Part 1 –Land

2.1 Principal of land use

Land in Kalobeyei shall be used and managed in a manner that is equitable, efficient, and in accordance with the following principles;

  • Sustainable and productive management of land resources; and
  • Sound conservation and protection of environmentally sensitive areas.

2.2 Demarcation of land

Land in Kalobeyei shall be classified as provided in the Spatial Plan approved by the Turkana County Government.

Part 2-Environment and Natural Resources

2.3 Obligations to respect the environment

Every person has the responsibility to –

  • Eliminate processes and activities that are likely to endanger the environment; and
  • Utilize the environment and natural resources for the benefit of the people of Kalobeyei.
  • Maintain sanitation and hygiene of Kalobeyei settlement in public space.

 

CHAPTER THREE: LEADERSHIP AND INTEGRITY

3.1 Qualities of leadership

3.1.1 General attitude and behavior of a leader should be able to promote peaceful coexistence within the neighborhoods, villages and settlement.

3.1.2 Authority assigned to a leader is a public trust to be exercised in a manner that

  1. Is consistent with the purposes and objects of this Constitution;
  2. Demonstrates respect for the people;
  3. Promotes public confidence in the integrity of the office;
  4. Vests the responsibility to serve the people.

3.1.3 The guiding principles of leadership and integrity include—

  • Engage in a free and fair elections;
  • Objectivity and impartiality in decision making,
  • Selfless service based solely on the public interest, demonstrated by the declaration of any personal interest that may conflict with public duties;
  • Accountability to the public for decisions and actions; and
  • Discipline and commitment in service to the people.

3.2 Conduct of elected leaders

3.2.1 An elected leader shall behave, whether in public or in private in a manner that avoids

(a) Any conflict between personal interests and public or official duties; or

(b) Demeaning the office the leader holds.

3.2.2 A person who contravenes the provisions of this chapter may be subject to the procedures related to the removal from office provided under this Constitution.

3.3 Service

All positions provided under this Constitution shall be on voluntary basis with no monetary benefits or rewards or other forms of remuneration.

Any benefit or rewards provided or received by the elected leader in relation with their office will be considered a violation of the present terms of reference.  Such violation will be considered grave misconduct leading to the applicable removal procedures under Chapter 6 of this Constitution.

3.4 Conflict of Interest

Considering the voluntary nature of their mandate, elected leaders are allowed to hold position of incentive workers with humanitarian agencies operating on site or any other paid employment provided hey declare upon their election and their employment does not create conflict of interest in the performance of his duties as an elected representative.

 

Chapter Four: ELECTED LEADERSHIP STRUCTURE

4.1 Representation levels

Representation shall be at the following levels-

  • Village
  • Neighborhood
  • Village leaders shall consist of
    • Chairman
    • Chairlady
  • Neighborhood leaders shall consist of Chairman/ Chairlady

4.2 Roles of the Community Elected Representatives

Village leaders shall-

  • Be the spokespersons of the Kalobeyei people and main interlocutors with the Authorities and Humanitarian Partners
  • Sharing information and feedback with the neighborhood leaders on concerns raised with/by relevant agencies, and vice versa within 48 hours of receipt of such information.
  • Work together with sectorial committee members appointed under this Constitution.
  • Write and submit activity reports or other upon request to relevant agencies on matters concerning village of jurisdiction
  • Provide up to date information on the activities of the village to authorities and partners.
  • Organize and chair regular meetings with neighborhood leaders within the village to discuss, raise and address immediate concerns and ongoing activities.
  • Attend to and solve minor disputes within the neighborhood upon solicitation by the neighborhood leader and report any crimes to relevant authorities
  • Ensure that there is peaceful co-existence amongst residence of Kalobeyei.
  • Any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS and responsible sector agencies.

4.3. Neighborhood representatives shall-

  • Ensure adequate representation at the neighborhood level.
  • Organize and chair meetings with compound representatives to receive and address immediate concerns arising among the community.
  • Ensure sharing of information with compound leaders and community members as received from village leaders within 48 hours of receipt of such information.
  • Participate in meetings with village leaders and share concerns arising in the neighborhoods
  • Ensure that there is peaceful co-existence between different ethnic groups within the neighborhood
  • Attend to and solve minor disputes within the neighborhood and report any crimes to relevant authorities for action
  • Implement decisions adopted at the different coordination levels upon request by relevant authorities, humanitarian partners and village leaders.
  • Keep abreast with recent developments, ongoing activities,current trends and dynamics within their neighborhoods.
  • Any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR, responsible sector agencies.

4.4. Information sharing

  • Leaders shall provide information that is relevant, accurate and verifiable to the community and concerned agencies in a timely manner.
  • Agencies shall provide information that is simple and accurate, and endeavor to develop common message on matters affecting the population.
  • All arising issues and relevant communication at the neighborhood level shall be channeled through the neighborhood leaders to the village leaders and/or relevant sectoral committees
  • The village leaders will share any concerns or arising issues directly with RAS or to the relevant sector focal points at humanitarian partners and give feedback to the sectoral committees and/or neighborhood leaders for dissemination to the population
  • Village leaders will be the direct interlocutors for authorities and humanitarian partners. Therefore, all communication should be organized through them and they should be the ones alerting the authorities and relevant sector leads on any issues requiring their attention and/or intervention.

4.5. Meetings

RAS in coordination with humanitarian agencies shall organize coordination meetings.

These shall include;

  • Monthly meetings – Village leaders, committee representatives, and leaders representing communities living around Kalobeyei settlement shall meet with camp management, humanitarian partners and any other relevant authorities to discuss arising concerns and activities in Kalobeyei.
  • Sectorial Committee meetings, all committee members shall meet prior to the monthly meetings to discuss priority issues and concerns to be raised in the meetings.
  • Ad- hoc meetings – RAS, humanitarian partners and relevant authorities may on occasion call a meeting to discuss arising issues within the community either at the village level, neighborhood level or meeting with specific sectorial committee in its advisory role.

4.6 Complaints Mechanism

There is established a complaint mechanism for use by residents of Kalobeyei settlement in respect to the representative structure of the settlement.

  • Residents who wish to lodge a formal complaint shall do so within the existing complaint mechanism involving RAS complaint email address; hotline or in person.
  • RAS shall deal with all complaints presented before her in adherence to principles of fairness, accountability and transparency.

Where a complaint relates to fraud and corruption, RAS shall in official communication inform UNHCR of such complaint.

 

CHAPTER FIVE: ELECTORAL PROCESS

5.1 General principles of electoral system

The election process shall comply with the following principles:

(a) Right of Kalobeyei residents to choose their desired leaders and representatives;

(b) Gender equality and balance;

(c) Fair representation and inclusion of persons with specific needs;

(d) Free and fair elections, which include:

  • secret ballot;
  • free from violence, intimidation, improper influence or corruption;
  • conducted by an independent committee; and
  • transparent

(e) Administered in an impartial, neutral, efficient, accurate and accountable manner

5.2 Electoral System and Process

  • Elections shall be held every two years in a way and design as shall be decided by the Election Committee constituted under RAS Election Guidelines.
  • Elections shall be by secret ballot and each person shall have one vote.
  • RAS shall provide guidelines and procedures of conducting elections.

5.3 Eligibility to vote

  • A person qualifies as a voter in Kalobeyei if the person:
    • Is a registered resident of Kalobeyei Settlement with a valid proof of registration;
    • Has been present in Kalobeyei and has active profile on the date of register publication; and
    • Is 18 years and above at the date of the register publication.
  • The register for each neighborhood shall be generated from the ProGres database.

5.4 Election committee

There is established an Election Committee which composition, selection, qualification and role of the election committee shall be stipulated in the election guidelines.

5.5 Qualifications to stand for an elective position

  • A person is eligible for election under this Constitution if the person:
    • is a registered voter as per qualification provided under this Constitution;
    • is able to understand and communicate in English and/or Swahili;
    • does not hold any other position provided by this Constitution;
    • has not been convicted of an election misconduct during the preceding two years;
    • meets the moral and integrity requirement prescribed underthis Constitution.
  • Any candidate who has sufficient reason to believe that they qualify for an elective position other than provided under clause (1) should present their claim to RAS for determination.

5.6 Clause on Gender Balance

There shall be equal representation of male and female on a 50 – 50 basis amongst the elected leaders. In the event that there is an imbalance in the gender representation, candidates with the highest votes from the least represented gender shall be deemed elected.

5.7 Election disputes

(a) A candidate, voter or a resident of Kalobeyei may present in writing within three (3) days a complaint about the process and conduct of the election

(b) Election disputes shall be heard and determined by a Committee appointed by RAS within 7 days.

 

CHAPTER SIX: SECTORAL COMMITTEES

This Constitution establishes eight committees for coordination of programs and activities in Kalobeyei in line with the strategic objectives of the Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-Economic Development Plan in Turkana West (hereafter KISEDP).

The purpose of the committees is to support the design, implementation and monitoring of sectorial strategies and activities in line with KISEDP and policies of Turkana West while ensuring enhanced engagement and consultation of the people of Kalobeyei as defined in Chapter one.

The committee will be composed of elected neighborhood leaders based on their interest, profile and experience. The committee shall have an advisory role to the leaders, humanitarian agencies and community members on the various sectors.  In order to support the activities in Kalobeyei, the following committees will be formed;

  1. Health, Food and Nutrition Committee
  2. Education Committee
  3. Water Sanitation and Hygiene Committee
  4. Protection Committee
  5. Spatial Planning and Infrastructure development committee
  6. Agriculture, Livestock Committee
  7. Energy and Environment Committee
  8. Private sector and entrepreneurship Committee

6.1 Composition

The committee shall consist of 7 individuals; 2 from each village (male/female) and 1 representative from the host community (with an alternate). Each committee shall select a team leader to represent the sector at the monthly and any other meeting as may be convened. The composition shall reflect the diversity of the Kalobeyei residents.

6.2 Selection

  • RAS shall publish a call for expression of interest one month following the elections.
  • All interested neighborhood leaders shall submit application in the prescribed format
  • Neighborhood leaders are allowed to apply for membership to one committee at a time
  • There shall be a Selection Panel constituted by representatives from RAS, UNHCR, respective sector leads and an elected village leaders.
  • The Selection Panel shall receive, review and shortlist candidates.
  • RAS shall make public names of successful candidates within seven calendar days after selection.
  • A back-up pool of five persons per committee made up of unsuccessful candidates shall be kept by RAS from the selection process for purposes of replacing those who may leave/be removed from the positions in future.
  • This provision shall be read together with the Rules and regulations of the Selection Panel annexed to this Constitution.

6.3 General functions

  1. Work together with relevant authorities, sectors leads as well as village leaders to identify and report issues affecting the community.
  2. Support community engagement at sectorial level, community awareness and community discussions.
  3. Assist authorities and sector leads in the implementation of the activities
  4. Advise neighborhood and village leaders on specific issues related to their sectors
  5. Perform any other role that may be assigned by RAS, Village leaders and responsible sector agency.
  6. For the specific functions of each committees, see annex 3

6.4 Coordination with Sectorial Humanitarian Partners

Partners implementing programs and activities in Kalobeyei Settlement have the obligation to coordinate and cooperate with the relevant sectorial committees for all their community engagement activities and should refrain  from creating any other separate representative structure unless strictly necessary and approved by RAS.

To all extent possible, partners will ensure that their groups of incentive workers in their respective field work in harmony and coordination with the sectorial committees; and that each sector discusses and monitors coordination mechanisms between the representative sectorial committees and workforce of incentive workers.

 

CHAPTER SEVEN: ADMINISTRATION OF MANDATE

7.1 Term of office

  1. Elected members shall serve a two years’ term with the option of reelection but not exceeding two terms.
  2. Committee members shall hold office for a maximum period of 2 years but can be replaced at any time upon their request to RAS.

7.2 Removal from Office

Elected leaders and committee members may be removed from office on the following grounds; –

  1. Gross violation of this Constitution and the code of conduct;
  2. Where the leader has been convicted of a serious crime;
  • Abuse of office or gross misconduct;
  1. Proven involvement in any form of fraud or/and corruption;
  2. Physical or mental incapacity to perform functions as a community leader;
  3. Non-performance of roles outlined in this Constitution;
  • Being absent from Kalobeyei for more than three (3) consecutive months;
  • When one ceases to be a resident of Kalobeyei Settlement;
  • Any committee member can be replaced upon their request or when deemed unable to perform the duties of the committee.
  1. Neighborhood leaders removed from office under the provisions in 7.2(a) above shall automatically lose their positions in the sectorial committees.
  • RAS shall determine instances where removal from committee positions would occasion removal from the elected position.

7.3 Procedures for removal from office of elected representatives

  • Registered members of a particular neighborhood/ village may present to RAS a written and signed petition/letter clearly stating their dissatisfaction with particular leader(s).
  • An Elected representative facing removal proceedings shall be given an opportunity to be heard and to put up a defense against the claims facing them.
  • RAS shall review and ascertain the facts and evidence presented and the answer by the affected representative.
  • The decision to either remove an elected representative from office or dismiss the charges against a representative shall be in writing to the representative.
  • Where an elected leader is removed from office as specified in 7.3 above; the first-runner-up in the last leaders’ election shall assume office in the place of the removed leader.

Replacement for removed committee members shall come from the pool of five back-up members identified by RAS during the selection process as provided in 6.2 (g).

 

CHAPTER EIGHT: CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

8.1 Conflict Management

8.2 Security Management

The management of security incidents and threats within the settlement remain the primary responsibility of the police forces and of the CPPT. CPPT and neighborhood leaders will have regular communication regarding the incidents, threats and risks at the neighborhood level; and neighborhood leaders will do all possible to facilitate the work of the police forces and CPPT operating in their area of responsibility.

 

CHAPTER NINE: AMENDMENT OF THIS CONSTITUTION

9.1 Amendment of this Constitution.

9.1.1 A proposed amendment to this Constitution shall be undertaken when deemed necessary based on changes in the circumstances, operational context or any other programmatic issue in Kalobeyei

  • A proposed amendment shall be approved by
  1. A majority of elected leaders
  2. RAS shall ensure that any proposed amendment is in the interest of the people of Kalobeyei.

9.1.3 RAS shall provide guidelines on the amendment of this Constitution.

9.2 Life of this Constitution

This Constitution shall be used for realization of Kalobeyei Integrated Social and Economic Development Program and coordination of activities between national/county government, partner agencies and residents of Kalobeyei settlement.

Elaborated in Kakuma on xxx March 2019

Signatures of RAS Camp Manager

 

Annex 1 – Code of Conduct

 

Annex 2 – Summary of Kalobeyei Leadership Structure

 

Annex 3 – Terms of Reference of Sectorial Committees

 

Health, Food and Nutrition Committee:

There is established a Health, Food and Nutrition Committee to oversee and ensure that health, food and nutrition services are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement.

The Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for health, food and nutrition are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with special concerns are addressed;
  • assisting the agencies in-charge of health and food with regard to communications campaigns and to ensure compliance with regulations guiding health, food and nutrition;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on health and nutrition matters; including emerging issues and best practices, preventive measures for diseases and proper nutrition options
  • raising awareness and alerting the health agency on any health concerns and outbreaks;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the health, food and nutrition partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and

any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Education Committee

There is established an Education Committee to oversee and ensure that Education services are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement; and places of learning are responsive to the values, beliefs and priorities of the communities.

The Education Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for Education are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of children with specific needs are addressed;
  • assisting the agencies in-charge of Education with regard to communications campaigns;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on Education matters;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the Education partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • attend all education activities including school opening and closing ceremonies;
  • liaise with school board members in addressing community challenges;
  • identify and refer out of school children to the relevant agency;
  • represent child headed household when need be in school and to the school board members;
  • make recommendation to the concerned agency on any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision;
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Water Sanitation and Hygiene Committee

There is established a Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Committee to oversee and ensure that WASH services are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement. The Committee’s main objective shall be to promote hygiene, market sanitation and a clean and healthy environment in Kalobeyei Settlement.

The Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for WASH are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with specific needs are addressed;
  • Refer beneficiaries who may require WASH services including beneficiaries with specific needs to relevant actors;
  • assisting the agencies in-charge of WASH with regard to communications campaigns;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on WASH matters; and convening community forums with the water, sanitation and hygiene agency to promote community participation and information sharing;
  • supervision of the implementation of cash based interventions and sensitizing the community on the new programming;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the WASH partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • deliberating over water, sanitation and hygiene conflicts that arise within Kalobeyei settlement and referring other issues to relevant authorities;
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Spatial Planning and Infrastructure development committee

There is established a Land, Spatial Planning, Shelter and Infrastructure Committee to oversee and ensure that Spatial Planning and Shelter services are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement. The Committee’s main objective shall be to promote community adherence to rules and regulations on land, spatial planning, shelter and infrastructure.

The Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for Spatial Planning and Shelter are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with specific needs are addressed;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on shelter matters;
  • supervision of the implementation of cash based interventions and sensitizing the community on the new programming;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the Shelter partners and relevant authorities in charge of spatial planning; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • reporting issues raised by the community to the agency responsible of Land, Spatial Planning, Shelter and Infrastructure, RAS or UNHCR including allegations of vandalism, assessment of dilapidated housing;
  • taking stock and maintaining a record of vacant shelters and their reallocation by agencies, reconstruction or repair of destroyed shelters and construction of new shelter units;
  • recommending to the concerned agency any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision;
  • reporting to community representatives and the selection panel all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification sessions; and
  • performing any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, and responsible sector agencies.

 

Energy and Environment Committee

There is established an Energy and Environment Committee to oversee and ensure that services are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement. The Committee’s main objective shall be to promote sustainable exploitation, utilization, management and conservation of the environment.

The Energy and Environment Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for Energy and Environment are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with specific needs are addressed;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on Energy and Environment matters;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the Energy and Environment partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • deliberating on relevant disputes brought to their attention and referring them to the relevant authorities and encouraging the use of collaborative dispute resolution mechanisms;
  • work with the community to achieve and maintain a tree cover in Kalobeyei;
  • advocate for the use of renewable energy;
  • monitor against vandalism of installed street lights;
  • recommending to the concerned agency any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision; and
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Agriculture and Livestock Committee

There is established an Agriculture and Livestock Committee to oversee and ensure that services with regard to Agriculture and Livestock, including Livelihood, are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement. The Committee’s main objective shall be to promote principles of peaceful coexistence, self-reliance and socio-economic empowerment of Kalobeyei residents.

The Agriculture and Livestock Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for Agriculture, Livestock and related Livelihood programs are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with specific needs are addressed;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on Agriculture and Livestock matters;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to relevant partners (including Livelihood partners) and local authorities partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • recommending to the concerned agency any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision; and
  • advocate for skills development in agriculture programs;
  • advocating for livelihoods opportunities for the community in relation to agriculture;
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Private sector and entrepreneurship Committee

There is established a Private sector and entrepreneurship Committee to oversee and ensure that interventions by and coordination with the private sectors are designed and delivered on the basis of the needs of the community of Kalobeyei settlement. The Committee’s main objective shall be to promote economic activities under the principles of self-reliance and socio-economic empowerment of Kalobeyei residents.

The Private sector and entrepreneurship Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed by private sector and other entrepreneurship initiatives are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization on entrepreneurship initiatives and collaboration with private sectors;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to relevant partners and stakeholders of private sector; and transmitting feedback to the community;
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses;
  • advocate for skills development in business and vocational programs;
  • advocating for livelihoods opportunities for the community;
  • engaging the community and discuss ways to promote community economy;
  • disseminating relevant information in regards to livelihood activities to the community;
  • informing the relevant agency of emerging livelihood developments in Kalobeyei.
  • Management of the market space through;
    • advocating for additional space and improvement of the market design;
    • engaging with the relevant agencies in establishing guidelines on managing the market place;
    • daily management of the market places;
    • resolving conflict arising from the market place;
    • advocating for access to market for the products from Kakuma
  • recommending to the concerned agency any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision; and
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 

Protection Committee:

There is established a Protection Committee dealing with activities and concerns related to Gender, Youth, Child Protection, SGBV, Legal Protection and Durable Solutions looking at the protection needs of most vulnerable people and people living with disabilities. The Committee’s objective shall promote community engagement in activities related to prevention and response to violence and abuses, as well as peaceful coexistence.

The Protection Committee will work jointly with Youth Volunteers and Women Forum as well as Elderly Council; it is the responsibility of the humanitarian partners to define and support the coordination platforms among all community-based protection fora.

The Protection Committee shall ensure Age, Gender and Diversity Mainstreaming in the design and implementation of activities and programs by protection partners and relevant authorities, as well as community initiatives.

The Protection Committee shall be responsible for:

  • monitoring that resources availed for Protection programs are used as intended for the benefit of Kalobeyei residents;
  • ensuring that the needs of persons with specific needs are addressed;
  • work together with the relevant authorities to identify and report issues affecting women, children and youth, such as domestic violence, sexual and gender based violence incidences, lack of/ shortages of resources, and child abuse/neglect;
  • regular mobilization of the community for information sharing and sensitization Protection related matters, including gender, youth and children; while promoting best practices to mitigate and address identified gaps and risks
  • liaising and coordinating with other committees and community leaders on issues that affect women, men, youth and children in Kalobeyei and that cross-cut in the various committee sectors and require joint responses ;
  • communicating the needs, issues and challenges of the community to the protection partners; and transmitting feedback to the community
  • recommending to the concerned agency any reviews on the policies and standards of service provision; and
  • reporting to community representatives all measures taken and progress made every six months during the evaluation/verification session; and
  • any other role that may be assigned/delegated by RAS, UNHCR elected community leaders, responsible sector agencies.

 


See also

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