Refugees recognized in Brazil are entitled to receive the National Migration Registry Card (formerly the National Registry of Foreigners – RNE), the Work and Social Security Card (CTPS), an Individual Tax Identification Number, called the Cadastro de Pessoa Física ( CPF) and a travel document (passport).
Asylum-seekers are entitled to obtain the Refuge Request Protocol, valid for one year and renewable for the same period, the Provisional Document of National Migration Registry (DPRNM), the Work and Social Security Card (CTPS) and a Individual Tax Identification Number (CPF).
Information for undocumented refugees in Brazil
Those who are undocumented in Brazil may be notified to leave the country voluntarily within a period of up to 60 days, under penalty of a fine. Therefore, it is very important that you seek to regularize your immigration status as soon as possible . It is important that you know that the undocumented immigrant is guaranteed access to the following services and rights:
The Federal Revenue of Brazil guarantees the issuance of CPF for refugees and undocumented immigrants (Note Cogea nº 02, January 20, 2021).
To request the CPF, click here .
The entire SUS network (hospitals, UPA, UBS, etc.) is accessible to refugees and undocumented migrants, who are even entitled to be vaccinated free of charge against COVID-19 in Brazil.
Access to public education is also guaranteed to the refugee or immigrant person regardless of the regularity of the migratory status, according to Law 13.445/2017
Resolution nº 1/2020 of the National Education Council also guarantees that the lack of documents cannot prevent the right of refugee and immigrant children and adolescents to enroll in Brazilian public basic education networks.
To open a bank account in Brazil, the refugee or immigrant person without documents issued in the country can present another recognized identification document, such as the passport or identity card of the country of origin (BCB Normative Instruction No. 2020).
Each bank, however, performs an internal security assessment for accepting a foreign document. In this sense, the Federal Public Defender’s Office (DPU) has already recommended to banking institutions that identification documents from the countries of origin, such as passport, ballot or consular card, as well as identity cards are documents capable of proving the civil identity of refugees and immigrants, regardless of their immigration status.
In addition, accounts with a low limit on the amount deposited (up to R$5,000.00) can be opened using a cell phone, simply by informing some data such as name and CPF. Refugees or undocumented immigrants are also guaranteed to open a digital social savings account, which does not require documents (Decree nº 10.316/2020 – art. 11, p. 1, I). For more information, see the Financial Information Booklet .
SOCIAL AND ASSISTANCE BENEFITS
The Migration Law guarantees access to social assistance services to refugees or immigrants regardless of their migratory status (art. 4, VIII). The Federal Supreme Court has already guaranteed (decision in RE 587970) that immigrants are beneficiaries of the country’s social assistance programs.
In addition to the decision of the STF, the Public Defender’s Office of the Union has already clarified that the right to social assistance is guaranteed to all people residing in Brazil, regardless of their regular or irregular migratory status (Official Circular nº 3578466/2020, April/2020). Thus, as long as they fulfill the specific rules for obtaining benefits, such as the Auxílio Brasil, the undocumented immigrant can apply for them, registering in CadÚnico through the CPF. Remember that benefit withdrawal may depend on having a bank account.
Refuge Request Protocol and Provisional Document of National Migration Registry (DPRNM)
Every asylum seeker will receive a provisional protocol , valid for 1 year and renewable until CONARE’s final decision on their asylum claim. This protocol will be your identity document in Brazil. It serves as proof of your regular migration status and that you are protected and cannot be returned to a country where your life is at risk. With this protocol you will be entitled to obtain a work permit (CTPS), individual registration (CPF) and the right to access all public services available in Brazil. According to Brazilian law, the Protocol is a valid document throughout the national territory and demonstrates that you have a legal right to be in Brazil.
Despite being an official document, it can sometimes be challenging for a Brazilian to recognize the protocol as a valid document, as the Provisional Protocol is very different from other Brazilian identification documents. If you face problems accessing services and rights using this document, contact the Public Defender’s Office (DPU) or UNHCR’s partner organizations .
In order for the provisional protocol to remain valid and for you to continue working regularly, it is necessary to renew it at the Federal Police every year. Applicants who do not renew the protocol within the deadline are subject to the archiving of their asylum application. Pay attention to the renewal date noted in your protocol , and go to the Federal Police before the expiration date.
For more details, click here and access the Booklet on refugee documents in Brazil
National Migration Registration Card (RNM)
Asylum seekers who have had their refugee status recognized by Brazil have the right to obtain the National Migratory Registration Card (formerly the National Registry of Foreigners – RNE), an identity document for migrants in Brazil. The issuance and renewal of the Card/RNE can be done at any unit of the Federal Police. Pay attention to the expiration date of your Portfolio/RNE. The renewal of the Card/RNE must be done three months before the expiration date of the old document.
For reasons of confidentiality, the document you have as a refugee does not mention your migratory status as a “refugee”, but uses the category “resident” according to the Brazilian Refugee Law. (9747/1997).
For more details, click here and access the Booklet on refugee documents in Brazil
Change of address for documents requested in another city
If you filed your document in a location in Brazil and changed your address, make a change of address request on the Federal Police website by clicking here .
For more information, you can consult the Federal Police closest to your residence. Have your refugee application protocol or residence permit in hand and a document proving your new address.
Refugee Status Confirmation Certificate
If you need a certificate issued by the General Coordination of Conare confirming your status as a refugee; or confirming that you are an asylum seeker, follow the steps below:
Step 1 – Register as a SEI user, according to the instructions in the manual
Step 2 – After gaining access to SEI, enter the system with your login and password.
Step 3 – On the left side, under “petition”, choose the option “new process”.
Step 4 – In the list of “choose the type of process you want to start”, select “Refuge: Request for Refugee Certificate”.
Step 5 – In specification, put “certificate request”.
Step 6 – Under “documents”, there will be a line with “main document”. Click on “Request for Refugee Confirmation Certificate”.
Step 7 – Next, the certificate request form will open. Fill in the mandatory fields.
- Check if you are a refugee or if you are an applicant.
- The RNE/RNM number is only mandatory for refugees.
- The Refugee Protocol number is mandatory for applicants.
- Although the Refugee Protocol number is not mandatory for refugees, the application will be processed more quickly if this number is provided.
Step 8 – Click the “save” button, which is in the upper left corner of the form, and then close the form screen.
Step 9 – In “complementary documents”, add a copy/photo FRONT AND BACK of your RNE or your CNRM (for refugees); or copy/photo of your Refuge Protocol. Under “document type”, you will be able to select this option.
Step 10 – Under “format”, choose “scanned”, and click “add”
Step 11 – Under “interested”, include your own name.
Step 12 – Then click on “petition”.
After registration, your process will be analyzed by Conare’s General Coordination and the certificate will be sent within 15 working days, if the requested documents have been sent correctly. If any document is missing, you will be informed that you will need to make a new electronic application.
If you need support, please contact us at [email protected] or by phone (61) 2025 9734
If you prefer, watch the video prepared by CONARE (in Portuguese), by clicking on the image below.
Work and Social Security Card (CTPS)
Both asylum seekers and refugees have the right to work legally in Brazil. The Work and Social Security Card (CTPS) is the document that proves all formal employment of the worker and enables companies to hire him as an employee. This document is mandatory for the exercise of formal professional activities and can be requested by any person over 14 years old, national or foreign, with regular residence in Brazil and holder of a CPF.
Recently in Brazil, this document has become digital. It is no longer necessary, in most cases, to issue a physical document.
Persons interested in applying for their digital Employment and Social Security Card (CTPS) must download the application (Digital Employment Card) for free from their cell phone’s virtual store (Apple Store on Apple and on the Play Store on Android). Or access via the web . Thus, at the time of hiring, just inform the CPF number.
If the employer requests the presentation of the physical Work and Social Security Card (CTPS), contact telephone 158 to request the issuance of the document.
The CPF is one of the main documents for people residing in Brazil, as it allows access to a series of services, such as the Unified Health System (SUS), enrollment in public educational institutions, opening a bank account and carrying out other activities. financial operations. Any individual, national or foreign, may apply for registration with the CPF.
Adults over 18 years of age must present a certified copy or original identity card, which may be the Provisional Protocol, the National Immigration Registration Card/RNE or even the passport. Minors under the age of 18 must present a certified or original copy of their identity card and the identity card of their parents or legal guardians.
You can request and issue your CPF number online for free! Just fill in the registration form here .
National Driver's License (CNH)
According to Resolution 933/2022 of the National Traffic Council (CONTRAN), the driver of a motor vehicle, coming from a foreign country and qualified therein, provided that criminally attributable in Brazil, may drive in the national territory within a maximum period of 180 days, respecting the validity of the original license – supported by international conventions or agreements
- Driving license from the country of origin, within the validity period
- International Driving Permit (PID) accompanied by a valid foreign driver’s license, in the case of documents issued by a Contracting Party to the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic of 1968
- identification document
- Document proving the date of entry into the country.
In cases where the foreigner spends more than 180 days in Brazil and wants to continue driving in Brazilian territory
- You must undergo the Physical and Mental Aptitude Exams and Psychological Assessment, respecting your category, to obtain the National Driver’s License (CNH)
- What to do: it is necessary to enter the DETRAN portal corresponding to the Brazilian state where the person resides to verify which documents are requested
How can refugees and migrants obtain a CNH in Brazil?
Procedures and values for refugees to obtain a CNH in Brazil vary according to the state. However, we emphasize that refugees and migrants have the full right to obtain a CNH in Brazil to drive motorcycles (Category A), cars (Category B), trucks (Category C), buses , minibuses and vans (Category D) and vehicles over 6 tonnes (Category E).
We also highlight the existence of the CNH Social program in some states of Brazil, which aims to allow low-income people to obtain a CNH free of charge. For more details, look for the DETRAN website for the state you are in. If you are in São Paulo , click here ; in Rio de Janeiro , click here ; on Amazon , click here ; in Roraima , click here ; in Rio Grande do Sul , click here ; in Paraná , click here ; in Brasilia , click here.
Passport for recognized refugees
Refugees recognized in Brazil have the right to request a passport, which will be valid for two years from the date of issue. Asylum seekers are not entitled to this passport and, as applicants, must wait for refugee status to be able to apply for a travel document.
To apply for a passport you must:
STEP 1 – Fill in the application form ;
STEP 2 – Pay the fees;
STEP 3 – Schedule a date to go to the Federal Police;
STEP 4 – Go to the Federal Police on the scheduled date with your foreign identity document (Portfolio/RNE), proof of payment of fees and proof of appointment.
*You must wait 1 (one) business day for the payment of the fee to be cleared before scheduling your trip to the Federal Police.
You can consult here the process of applying for your passport.
The passport will be personally delivered to its owner.
If you want to travel abroad, check the need to communicate or request authorization from CONARE in the “travel abroad” section.