The Spanish Government has a reception and integration support programme for asylum seekers with insufficient financial resources, aimed at meeting their needs and those of their family members. This reception programme is managed by the Ministry of Inclusion in collaboration with specialist NGOs.
If they lack financial resources, people who meet the following requirements can apply to access the Reception System:
- People who have been displaced from Ukraine since 24 February 2022 as a consequence of the Russian invasion which began on that date.
- Residents of Ukraine who were in Spain when the conflict broke out and who have not been able to return to their country.
Both cases include Ukrainian nationals resident in Ukraine and third-country nationals or stateless persons who have been resident in Ukraine for a long time (i.e. more than 5 years), with their families.
This System has a methodology of phased pathways, depending on the degree of independence achieved by beneficiaries:
- The first phase consists of accommodation in a unit that provides cover for basic needs, helping beneficiaries to acquire the skills required to develop an independent life.
- The second phase begins when people end their stay in the reception unit and need to continue receiving support in the way of financial help with rent and basic needs.
These measures are carried out through a state network made up of Refugee Accommodation Centres attached to the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration and other units that are subsidized by the state and managed by non-profit organizations.