Rights and Obligations as an Asylum Seeker

What am I entitled to as an asylum applicant?

According to Spanish Law 12/2009, of 30 October, regulating the right to asylum and subsidiary protection, you have the right:

  • To be documented as an applicant for international protection (“White Card”, “Red Card”);
  • To receive free legal assistance and an interpreter;
  • To have your asylum application reported to UNHCR/ACNUR;
  • To the suspension of any process to deport, return or extradite you. This means that, as an asylum applicant, you cannot be subject to refoulement, return or deportation until your application for international protection has been resolved or denied;
  • To medical assistance;
  • To receive certain social benefits;
  • To read the contents of your asylum records at any time;
  • To receive any social and hosting services needed, if you lack financial resources, to ensure that your basic needs are met under dignified conditions;
  • To work in Spain once six months have elapsed after you applied for asylum.

Find more information about your rights and obligations as an applicant of international protection in this video.

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