Public Health


Due to the health emergency declared by the government of the Dominican Republic, UNHCR is reinforcing its preparedness, prevention and response measures for COVID-19. At this time, it is important to reduce social contact and contain the spread of the virus, in a joint effort of all of society.


Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by a bacterium called Vibrio cholerae that causes a lot of watery diarrhea and vomiting. If left untreated, cholera can cause death from dehydration (loss of water and salts from the body) within a few hours.

What are the symptoms?

They appear 2 to 5 days after infection:

  • Poop or liquid and profuse poop, similar to rice water
    • Vomiting
    • Stomach pain (abdominal)
    • Dehydration

How is it transmitted?

It is found in the feces and vomit of infected people. Cholera enters through the mouth:

  • By consuming contaminated food or water
    • For dirty hands
    • By contact with vomit or infected feces

Prevention measures:


• Wash your hands well with soap and water:

  • before eating
  • when you get home
  • After going to the bathroom
  • to prepare food
  • After changing the baby’s diaper
  • After cleaning up feces or vomit


  • Clean canned goods and containers with bleach and water before opening them.
    • Eat well-cooked food
    • Wash fruits and vegetables well.
    • Keep the area where you prepare food clean.
    • Cover food after cooking to protect from flies.

Water consumption

• If you don’t have access to bottled water, add 5 drops of bleach per gallon of clear water and let stand 30 minutes before drinking. After treating and drinking it, protect it from being contaminated.

Source: Ministerio de Salud Pública República Dominicana (2022)