Who can get refugee protection in Canada?

To get refugee protection, you need to show that you cannot return to your country of nationality or residence because you fear persecution for at least one of the following reasons: 

Race or nationality 
For example, you fear persecution because you are a part of an ethnic or language minority group. 

Religion
For example, you fear persecution because you are a part of a religious minority or have converted to another religion.  

Member of a particular social group
For example, you have been subject to violence because of your sexual orientation or gender, or you fear persecution because of your family ties.  

Political opinion
For example, you are a journalist or blogger, a human rights activist, or you are or are perceived as a government opponent. 

Or if you fear one of the following: 

Risk to your life or cruel and inhuman treatment 
You are facing a personal risk that is not faced by the general population. For example, you are the victim of a crime, or you are afraid of revenge.

Risk of torture
You have been subjected to or are at risk of being subjected to severe mental or physical harm by the government authorities (under their orders or with their consent), to get information from you or to punish you.