Hakha Township

Hakha Township is located in Chin State. The township borders Falam Township in the north, Gangaw Township (Magway Region) in the east, Matupi Township in the south and Thantlang Township in the west. Hakha is the capital city of Chin State and is connected by road to the townships mentioned above. The road condition is generally okay but worsens during the monsoon season.

The total land area of Hakha Township is 1608 sq miles.  The township is organized by six wards, 30 village tracts and 69 villages.  It has full government administrative structure up to village level.

The total population is 49,497.


Education

Several colleges and technical institutions, 10 high schools, 32 middle schools, three primary schools and two pre-schools are run by the Ministry of Education in Hakha Township. In addition, there are two monastic schools run by monasteries.

Children who return to Chin State from countries outside Myanmar will be required to take placement test to determine your level of knowledge.  You should inform the Township Education Department of your return and your desire to take the test.  The test will likely be provided in May, so you should inform the Education Department of your return and your desire to take the test no later than the end of April.  The State or District Education Department can provide more information on the placement tests and on the locations where you can take them. The Education Department has stated that it welcomes returned students/children to continue your studies.

Education is provided in Burmese language.  Depending on your Burmese language ability, you may face some challenges in following the school instruction and may need some private teaching to assist in developing language skills.


Health

Health care in Hakha Township is provided in one 200 bed public hospital (with specialized doctors and equipment), 16 station hospitals, five private clinics, four rural health centers, and 18 rural health sub-centers – all run by the Ministry of Sport and Health.  In addition, five private clinics operate in the township.  It is reported that there is no discrimination in access to health care in the township.

There is a lack of specialized services for those with mental health problems or chronic illnesses.  However, there is one day care service for individuals with disabilities.

Marie Stopes International is present in Hakha where the organization is providing awareness raising on sexual and reproductive health and distributing contraception.

Remoteness, limited infrastructure, and a lack of transportation may cause challenges in accessing hospitals and clinics in emergency situations.


Water and Sanitation

There is a limited water supply in Chin State as the hilly geography renders water catchment and transport difficult.


Livelihoods

Hakha is the most developed township in Chin State and is the seat of State government.   In general, employment and livelihoods opportunities are more available for in Hakha than in other areas of Chin State..  Shop keeping, trading, and agriculture provide a livelihood for most of the population.  Ground nuts, sesame, sunflower, sugarcane, and maize are among the major crops produced in Hakha Township.

There are several organizations working on agriculture-based livelihoods programs in Hakha, including Ar Yone Oo Social Development Association, Choklei Organization for Rural and Agricultural Development, Community Agency for Rural Development, Community Association for Rural Development, and GRET.  Please see the complete list of service providers in Chin State for more information.


Land

A land management committee is present in the township and is led by the General Administrative Department (GAD).  However, there are only a small number of land plots – agricultural and household – officially registered in Chin State due to the limited presence of government staff. A rather complicated customary land tenure system is common in all areas of Chin State.   Customary upland plots for shifting cultivation are communally managed.

There are some unresolved problematic land issues in Hakha, particularly in which the State Government has transferred land ownership without a consultation with the local communities.  Lack of land documentation confirming ownership of or a claim to the land will present a challenge to restitution.