Residence and Naturalization

If you prefer, watch the video about residence:


Temporary Residency for Border Country Citizens - Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana (Interministerial Ordinance No. 19/2021)

Temporary residence, for a period of two years, may be granted to migrants who are nationals of a border country, where the Residence Agreement for Nationals of MERCOSUR State Parties and Associated Countries is not in force.

The request for temporary residence must be made with the units of the Federal Police upon presentation of the following documentation:

Step 1 – Gather the necessary documents. Are they:

Step 2 – Make the appointment at the Federal Police. When filling out the request form, it will be possible to make an appointment. After that, if you want to schedule, reschedule, consult or cancel service, click here.

Step 3 – Appear at the Federal Police unit. Attend a Federal Police unit on the day and time scheduled.

Step 4 – Receive the National Migration Registration Card. The National Migration Registration Card will be delivered to the Federal Police service unit.

Interministerial Ordinance No. 19/2021

For more information, access the Federal Police website or contact one of UNHCR’s partners.


Mercosur Residency Agreement

Nationals of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador can request a permit for temporary residence up to two years in Brazil if they have a valid passport, their birth certificate and a negative certificate of criminal records. After the initial two years of the temporary residence, the conversion into permanent residence may be required.

The temporary residence of the Mercosur Agreement can be requested abroad at any Brazilian Consulate or at any Federal Police station in Brazil. The temporary residence of the Mercosur Agreement can be requested at any time and by any national of one of the State Parties to the Agreement, even if they have also applied for asylum in Brazil.

Step 1 – Gather the necessary documents. Are they:

Step 2 – Make the appointment at the Federal Police. When filling out the request form, it will be possible to make an appointment. After that, if you want to schedule, reschedule, consult or cancel service, click here.

Step 3 – Appear at the Federal Police unit. Attend a Federal Police unit on the day and time scheduled.

Step 4 – Receive the National Migration Registration Card. The National Migration Registration Card will be delivered to the Federal Police service unit.

For more information, access the Federal Police website or contact one of UNHCR’s partners.

Can I claim asylum and request permanent residence under the Mercosur Residence Agreement at the same time?

Yes. If you believe you are a refugee you can continue with your asylum claim despite the fact you can apply for the Mercosur Residency.

IMPORTANT: If you have been told you need to sign a declaration giving up of your asylum claim process in Brazil in order to apply for the Residence under the Mercosur, DO NOT sign it and contact UNHCR or one of its partners as soon as possible.

I am a recognized refugee and I wish to apply for permanent residence under the Mercosur Residence Agreement. Do I have to give up my refugee status to do that?

No. If you believe you are a refugee you can continue with your asylum claim despite the fact you can apply for the Mercosur Residency.

IMPORTANT: If you have been told you need to sign a declaration giving up of your asylum claim process in Brazil in order to apply for the Residence under the Mercosur, DO NOT sign it and contact UNHCR or one of its partners as soon as possible.


Ordinary Naturalization

According to Brazilian law, an individual may apply for ordinary naturalization if the following conditions are met:

  • Has civilian capacity under Brazilian law
  • Resides in Brazil for an indefinite period of time for at least 04 (four) years;
  • Has the ability to communicate in Portuguese; and
  • Has no criminal conviction or is rehabilitated, under the terms of the law.

The indeterminate residency requirement for at least 04 (four) years will be reduced to 01 (one) year if the naturalized person fulfills one of the following requirements:

I – have a natural or naturalized Brazilian child, except for provisional naturalization; or

II – has a Brazilian spouse or partner and is not legally or in fact separated from him at the time of granting naturalization.

The indeterminate residency requirement for at least 04 (four) years will be reduced to 02 (two) years if the naturalized person fulfills one of the following requirements:

I – has provided or may provide relevant service to the Country; or

II – be recommended for his professional, scientific or artistic ability.

For immigrants from Portuguese-speaking countries, only:

I – residency for an indefinite period in the country for an uninterrupted year; and

II – moral suitability.

How can I apply for Naturalization in Brazil?

Step 1 – Access the “Naturalize yourself” platform, fill out the form and upload the necessary documents;

Step 2 – After analyzing and approving the documentation, it will be necessary to schedule a day and time to go to a Federal Police unit. To make an appointment, click here.

Step 3 – After processing by the Federal Police, the process will be forwarded to the Migration Department for decision. At this stage, the Migration Department will be able to notify the applicant, if necessary, to complement the submitted documentation.

Step 4 – The decision on the Naturalization application will be published in the Federal Official Gazette.

If the request is granted, the naturalized person must deliver the National Migration Registration Card to the Federal Police unit.

If the request is rejected, the naturalized person may appeal within 10 (ten) days from the date of receipt of the notification.

For more information, visit the Federal Police website.


Other types of naturalization and residence

The residency process is the same for all types, but the documentation may vary. To find out more details about other types of residences in Brazil, visit here.

For more details on other types of naturalization, visit here.