Residence and Naturalization

If you prefer, watch the video about residence:


Temporary Residency for Border Country Citizens (Interministerial Ordinance No. 9, March 14, 2018)

Temporary residence, for a period of two years, may be granted to migrants who are nationals of a border country, where the Residence Agreement for Nationals of MERCOSUR State Parties and Associated Countries is not in force.

The request for temporary residence must be made with the units of the Federal Police upon presentation of the following documentation:

Step 1 – Apply for a Residence Permit. The necessary documents are:

  • Own application, by means of an electronic form duly completed on the PF website;
  • 1 (one) 3 × 4 photo, recent, colored, white background, plain paper, facing;
  • Declaration of electronic address and other means of contact (annex XIX of Interministerial Ordinance No. 3/2018);
  • Identity card or passport;
  • Birth or marriage certificate or consular certificate, when the travel document or official identity document does not contain data on membership;
  • Negative certificate of criminal record of the States in which he has resided in Brazil in the last five years;
  • Declaration, under the penalties of the law, of the absence of a criminal record in any country, in the five years preceding the date of the request;
  • Proof of payment of fees, when applicable:
    – residence permit (R $ 168.13 – Code 140066)
    – and issuance of the National Migration Registration Card (R $ 204.77 – Code 140120)

Step 2 – Make the appointment at the Federal Police. When filling out the request form, it will be possible to make an appointment. After that, if you want to schedule, reschedule, consult or cancel service

Step 3 – Appear at the Federal Police unit. Attend a Federal Police unit for assistance on the day and time scheduled after the appointment was made when filling out the initial form.

Step 4 – Receive the National Migration Registration Card. The National Migration Registration Card will be delivered to the Federal Police service unit.

 

For more information, access the Federal Police website or contact one of UNHCR’s partners.


Mercosur Residency Agreement

According to the Mercosur Residency Agreement, nationals of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador can apply for temporary residence in Brazil, valid for two years. After the two initial years of temporary residence, it is possible to convert the temporary status to permanent residence.

How can I apply for residence under the Mercosur Residency Agreement?

Nationals of Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia and Ecuador can request a permit for temporary residence up to two years in Brazil if they have a valid passport, their birth certificate and a negative certificate of criminal records. After the initial two years of the temporary residence, the conversion into permanent residence may be required.

The temporary residence of the Mercosur Agreement can be requested abroad at any Brazilian Consulate or at any Federal Police station in Brazil. The temporary residence of the Mercosur Agreement can be requested at any time and by any national of one of the State Parties to the Agreement, even if they have also applied for asylum in Brazil.

How do I apply?

  1. Fill out the application form on the Federal Police website: https://servicos.dpf.gov.br/sismigra-internet/home.seam;
  2. Schedule an appointment: https://servicos.dpf.gov.br/cadastro-estrangeiro/faces/restrito/manterAgendamentoExterno/agendamento.seam?cid=75127;
  3. Pay GRU-FUNAPOL fees for migrants, on the Federal Police website: https://servicos.dpf.gov.br/gru2/gru?nac=1&rec=2
  • Receipt of payment of GRU 140082 (R$ 106,45 – registration of migrants)
  • Receipt of payment of GRU 140120 (R$ 204,77 – issuance)
  1. Go to a Federal Police unit on the scheduled date and present the following documents:
  • Completed application form
  • Original and certified copy of the Identity Document or passport
  • Criminal Background Certificate issued by the Federal Police: http://www.pf.gov.br/servicos-pf/antecedentes-criminais;
  • Proof of lawful livelihoods that allow the subsistence of the interested party and his family
  • Two 3cmx4cm photos, with white background, colored, front, identical, recent and undated
  • Copy of proof of residence (account of water, electricity or telephone, or declaration of the owner of the property where the person lives, attesting the residence in the property)
  • Receipt of payment of the fee GRU/FUNAPOL

I am a recognized refugee and I wish to apply for permanent residence under the Mercosur Residence Agreement. Do I have to give up my refugee status to do that?

No. If you believe you are a refugee you can continue with your asylum claim despite the fact you can apply for the Mercosur Residency.

IMPORTANT: If you have been told you need to sign a declaration giving up of your asylum claim process in Brazil in order to apply for the Residence under the Mercosur, DO NOT sign it and contact UNHCR or one of its partners as soon as possible.

Can I claim asylum and request permanent residence under the Mercosur Residence Agreement at the same time?

Yes. If you believe you are a refugee you can continue with your asylum claim despite the fact you can apply for the Mercosur Residency.

IMPORTANT: If you have been told you need to sign a declaration giving up of your asylum claim process in Brazil in order to apply for the Residence under the Mercosur, DO NOT sign it and contact UNHCR or one of its partners as soon as possible.


Naturalization

According to Brazilian Law, an individual can apply for naturalization if they fulfil the following conditions:

  1. To have reached legal age in accordance with the Brazilian Law
  2. Registration as a permanent resident in Brazil
  3. Ongoing residence in the Brazilian territory for at least four years, immediately before the application for naturalization
  4. To read and write in Portuguese, within the applicant’s conditions
  5. To be professionally active or to possess assets which are sufficient to support himself/herself and the family
  6. Good conduct
  7. Absence of accusation, indictment or condemnation in Brazil or abroad for felony punishable by confinement for over one (1) year, abstractly considered
  8. Good health (no bill of health shall be required from a foreigner who has been a resident in Brazil for over two years)

The time of residence as mentioned above may be reduced if the naturalization applicant satisfies some conditions, such as:

  • Having a Brazilian child or spouse
  • Having provided or be capable of providing relevant services to Brazil, according to the evaluation of the Ministry of Justice
  • Being respected for his/her professional, scientific or artistic capacity

How can I apply for Naturalization in Brazil?

The application for naturalization should be made at the Federal Police Department nearest to your residence. You must fill out a special form and attach it to the requested documentation for the type of naturalization. The process is subjected to the decision-making authority, which will determine if your process is approved.

You can check the documents necessary to request your naturalization in the following link.